It is a surgical procedure aimed to shape the body by acting on the body’s fat tissue. For this, the fat is removed from different areas of the body by using cannulas that are inserted through small incisions, which are connected to a vacuum device that suctions the excess of fat tissue.
It can be performed in almost all areas of the body, where fat accumulations are located. The duration of the procedure depends on the area and the amount of fat to be extracted (varies from 30 minutes to several hours). The hospitalization depends on the liposuction area. If the liposuction is limited, it will be done by local anesthesia, which does not require hospitalization; whereas if it is large, it will be performed by general anesthesia, requiring staying overnight in the hospital. The results will be noticed after 2 months. The patient must follow some guidelines and recommendations (given by the surgeon) to achieve permanent results; for example, maintaining an adequate diet and exercising. The patient should wear a girdle for at least one month. It is a safe technique, as long as the patient has been well selected, and the intervention is carried out by a specialized plastic surgeon. However, uncommon complications may occur such as fluid accumulations, skin injuries, infections, or reactions resulting from the anesthesia.